I‘m so proud to be here. You’re all an inspiration to me.”
Though these words were uttered toward the end of a panel on economic development at the Woodlawn Community Summit, they came not from a Woodlawn resident, or even a “neighbor,” (as the Hyde Parkers in the room coyly referred to themselves). They came from a Jewel-Osco driver who had stopped into the Summit before 8am that morning to drop off some food, and found himself so charmed that he decided to stick around for the duration. He came from a suburb, he explained, “where we can’t even agree to take away matches from the guy who’s threatening to commit arson,” so discovering a building full of civically committed neighbors was, to say the least, refreshing.
Despite the driver’s focus on the grassroots enthusiasm evident at the summit, it was paired with a slick corporate and political presence, as the driver was also sitting right next to a Jewel-Osco community relations manager who was there to represent the new grocery store opening at 61st and Cottage Grove in 2019. A variety of guests and speakers—a doctor at the University of Chicago’s new trauma center, a representative from the Obama Foundation, a wealth of local officeholders and candidates—joined together with longstanding activists in Woodlawn to discuss what the neighborhood’s trajectory over the next few years might look like.
The summit is now in its ninth year and has grown from occupying a single room provided by the the UofC’s Office of Civic Engagement to the entire Social Service Administration building on UofC’s campus. In addition to being a venue where large institutions like the UofC and the Obama Foundation can be held accountable to Woodlawn residents, the summit aims to be a locus of information and dialogue, with features such as a resource fair, tabled by neighborhood organizations dispensing news and contact information, and workshops on topics like urban gardens and tips for homeowners.
“It’s designed by residents for residents, and it’s very, very organic. It’s a new model in community engagement,” said Elizabeth Gardner, one of the summit’s founders. “We encourage everyone to volunteer…volunteer with your block club, volunteer with your church, volunteer at your school. Anything you can do to uplift your community is wonderful.”
This ethos of self-empowerment fueled much of the conversation across the event. “We have to move past this sideline griping to do some real work,” said Carol Adams, the former president of the DuSable Museum who now runs a consulting firm called Urban Prescriptives. “If a pothole gets filled, they say, ‘They filling that pothole for somebody else.’ If you do that, you’re ceding your power to somebody else.”
In that spirit, the summit emphasized the importance of fostering and supporting small businesses, particularly given a lingering suspicion toward bigger corporations—such as ones like Jewel-Osco that are purchasing land in the neighborhood—that community members have no stake in. “A lot of the businesses that you bringing in, we don’t own the property, we don’t own the business…We have to keep our ownership in the community, so that these businesses can rent from us,” said Sandra Bivens, one of the organizers of the summit.
Laine’s Bake Shop, a socially conscious baked-goods store owned by Rachael Bernier-Green and her husband Jaryd, is a good example of the kinds of small businesses that organizers want to support. The shop, which started as an online business and now sells to Whole Foods, will open a storefront at 6437 S. Cottage Grove this summer. “Because our mission at its core is to revitalize the South Side, we were specifically looking for neighborhoods where there were a lot of vacant spaces,” Bernier-Green said. “We worked with our landlord to fill other vacancies in the building that we’re in.”
Still, it wasn’t always clear who in the community will benefit from economic development unfolding in Woodlawn. At the Q&A portion of the event, one resident asked Michael Strautmanis, vice president of civic engagement at the Obama Foundation, about displacement, which the resident said would inevitably take place with the arrival of the presidential center in Jackson Park.
In his response, Strautmanis rejected that idea, precisely by invoking the idea that Woodlawn residents should take responsibility for themselves and their neighborhood: “If you think displacement is inevitable, you will create a mindset where we give up,” he said. “What will prevent displacement is empowerment. We are bringing the resources, and this community has to set a standard for what has to happen.” Strautmanis also noted that developers should be encouraged to maintain their stock of affordable housing, and that the Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) is looking to build more affordable housing in the area.
Listen to Weekly senior editor Christian Belanger’s report from the Woodlawn Community Summit for the March 6 episode of SSW Radio, the Weekly’s radio hour on WHPK:
Later, at a workshop specifically on the topic of economic development, a similar tension surfaced. Andrea Zopp, CEO of World Business Chicago (WBC)—the city’s public-private economic development corporation—told the room that WBC had been reorienting itself around local neighborhood development, and cited several intersections on the South Side that she thinks are examples of the right kind of growth. One location Zopp praised was the stretch of Cottage Grove from 61st to 63rd, where a plethora of developments have taken place over the last few years. After-school program MetroSquash relocated to 61st and Cottage Grove in 2015, and the organization Preservation of Affordable Housing (POAH) has built or renovated 800 units of housing over the past several years, much of it affordable, and has brought Jewel-Osco to the area that will open in 2019. POAH is also working on Woodlawn Station, a mixed-use building that will provide another seventy units on the corner of 63rd and Cottage Grove. Meanwhile, the Cook County Land Bank Authority is spearheading the redevelopment of the abandoned Washington Park National Bank Building, and the city is renovating the Cottage Grove Green Line stop.
During the question and answer session, Alex Goldenberg, one of the activists behind the successful trauma center campaign, pressed Zopp to acknowledge the role that renters themselves had played in bringing the new Grove Parc development to Woodlawn: low-income tenants in the old building had forced POAH to sign a Community Benefits Agreement in which the developer promised to replace all the units and to hire locally. “We’re talking about a community where the median income is $25,000. I think that is a beautiful model, where actually developers are being held accountable for legally binding agreements that aren’t going to push people out,” he said. Goldenberg cited a study from the DePaul Institute for Housing Studies that showed more than 14,000 people in the cluster of mid-South Side neighborhoods that includes Woodlawn are rent-burdened. “I’m very curious what the housing strategy is, and if it actually accounts for the need, and not just a few apartments for some people on fixed-incomes.”
“The answer is that a housing strategy needs to be developed. Are we going to be able to build enough for fourteen thousand? Probably not,” said Zopp. “If you don’t have a housing strategy along with an economic development strategy, you do have displacement.”
Zopp’s and Strautmanis’s answers, despite gesturing toward a concern for residents in danger of being priced out of the neighborhood, nevertheless suggest that neither the city nor the Obama Foundation have crafted particularly concrete plans to ensure that Woodlawn’s supply of affordable housing—the creation of which is often a painful, protracted process—will be enough to protect the neighborhood’s most vulnerable.
In the summit’s keynote speech, Melody Spann Cooper, chairman of the Midway Broadcasting Corporation, recounted the story of how she bought a house on Oakenwald Avenue in North Kenwood when it looked, in her words, like “Little Beirut.” As she described it, “Back then, it was an abandoned dead-end street that wrapped around the eastern portion of Lake Park. And at the end of the dead-end, was public housing, and that’s the politically correct word for it. It was the projects, right?…Me and my husband were riding our bikes one day and stumbled upon Oakenwald, and we see these new houses, so we stop, and we look, and while most people would go there and say what the hell? We said, ching ching.”
A decade after buying a house for two hundred thousand dollars, Spann Cooper said she and her husband more than doubled their initial investment when they sold it again, and that residents who came before them had quadrupled theirs. “That’s what real estate is all about—it’s your wealth, and in most instances, it’s the biggest investment you’ll ever make,” she said. “The number one reason a person moves is to take advantage of the opportunity to make money on their property. It’s the American way.”
The point of Spann Cooper’s story was that a similarly lucrative change is about to occur in Woodlawn. “As Woodlawn prepares to hit the world stage, with the coming of the Obama library center, what does this mean for you? What does it mean for you, the residents of Woodlawn, many of you who have lived here for years, invested when no one else would, stayed when all others fled?” she said. “You are at ground zero, with options. And trust me, there’s nothing like having options.” (Spann Cooper’s not alone in her opinion; real estate company Redfin predicted last year that Woodlawn would be one of the city’s “hottest neighborhoods.”)
But an alternate history of Oakenwald suggests that those options aren’t always available to everybody living in a swiftly developing area. In a 1996 article published in Residents’ Journal, a newspaper by and for public housing tenants, Izora Davis wrote a “partial history” of Lakefront Properties, the public housing development that included the buildings on Oakenwald Avenue Spann Cooper referenced in her speech. Davis recounts how the CHA twice attempted—once in 1985, and then again in 1991—to force residents to move out of the buildings so that they would be demolished and replaced by mixed-income housing. “The heat was turned off. Elevators wouldn’t work. Electricity was also turned off after a point. Water froze the stairwells. Pipes were busted and electrical meters were stolen,” she wrote. Two of the towers were renovated and turned into Lake Parc Place, while the others were demolished and replaced by Sullivan Station; both are mixed-income developments. For reference, Sullivan Station contains forty-seven public housing units; the four high-rises it replaced contained 604 units. And as an investigation by the Weekly last year showed, the CHA has failed to replace most of the public housing units demolished as part of its nearly-two-decade-long Plan for Transformation.
It seems as if few, if any, of the benefits of a revitalized North Kenwood-Oakland (or, for that matter, a swiftly developing Hyde Park) have accrued to the public housing residents Spann Cooper mentioned at the beginning of her speech. In the conclusion to her article, Izora Davis writes, “As I reflect on this partial history, I realize that the hope poor people once had will never be again. It will always be a praying moment, wondering how we will have to adapt or adjust just to survive.”
North Kenwood-Oakland’s past begs a question about Woodlawn’s future: How will the benefits and costs of its newfound popularity be distributed among the people currently living there? The answer is waiting to be worked out, but if there is any reason for optimism, it’s the sense of determined community engagement among the Woodlawn residents at the Community Summit.
“I am in favor of making sure that the people who live here can stay here, and have an opportunity to help with the reconstruction, or renewal, of Woodlawn,” said Gardner. “That could be if you’re in the professional services, or if you’re in construction, or if you just have a son or daughter and they want to get a job at the Jewel. I think it’s very, very important that we all come together to say, ‘This is what this corridor should look like.’”